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     Kofi Annan, born in 1938 in Ghana, was the seventh Secretary-General of the United Nations (from 1997 to 2006). A Ford Foundation grant made it possible for him to graduate from Macalester College in St. Paul, Minnesota in the United States in 1961. Amman later attended the MIT Sloan School of Management, Sloan Fellows programme, and received a Master's degree in Management (MBA). He began his first term as Secretary-General on January 1, 1997. On June 29, 2001, he was appointed by the General Assembly to a second term of office (from January 1, 2002 to December 31, 2006). On December 10, 2001, Annan together with the United Nations received the Nobel Peace Prize "for their work for a better organized and more peaceful world."

 

安南是联合国安全理事会第七任秘书长(19972006),加纳人。依靠福特基金,他于1961年在美国明尼苏达州的麦卡莱斯特学院获经济学学士学位。在联合国服务了10年后,他重返校园,并于1972年获美国麻省理工学院管理学硕士学位。安南在1997年成为联合国安全理事会第七任秘书长,并于2001年获得连任。安南在任期间对联合国工作进行了一系列改革,目的是使联合国的工作更贴近普通民众。由于安南领导的联合国为维护世界秩序与和平做出了突出贡献,2001年安南和联合国一起被授予诺贝尔和平奖。

 

(本文选自人民教育出版社《中学英语文化背景知识手册》,2008年8月第1版)

    
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