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Francis Bacon was an English philosopher, statesman, essay writer and scientist. He was born in London and was the son of a prominent statesman under Queen Elizabeth I. He studied in Cambridge University and later was introduced to the royal court. Bacon made some achievements in his political career, but he was mainly remembered as a philosopher. He wrote many important books on philosophy and science, of which The Great Instauration won the attention of scholars both at home and abroad. His essays were famous for their brevity, compactness and powerfulness. He was considered a master of English prose.

 

弗朗西斯·培根是英国哲学家、政治家、作家和科学家。他于1561122出生在伦敦一个新贵族家庭,父亲是伊丽莎白一世时期的官员。培根12岁进入剑桥大学。1626年他因病去世,终年65岁。培根的主要成就是在哲学方面,他的主要著作《伟大的复兴》虽然只完成了前两部,但是却有很大的影响。培根在英国文学史上也占有重要地位,他的作品《散文集》涉及哲学思想、伦理、处世之道、美的欣赏等,文章见解独到,文笔老练,结构严谨,警句层出,常为后人诵读。他常被称为是英国的散文大师。

 

(本文选自人民教育出版社《中学英语文化背景知识手册》,2008年8月第1版)

    
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