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【课标导引】

 

1. 掌握定语从句的用法。

2. 讨论爱好以及表达意愿。

3. 学会如何为他人提供帮助。

4. 掌握被动语态的用法。

5. 掌握过去完成时的用法。

 

【知识总揽】

 

 

重点词汇

prefer, dislike, interest, suggest, expect, increase, consider, invent,

including, translate, provide, continue, dream, set, imagine, support,

operate, remain, produce, create, divide, develop, rise, marry

 

重点短语

on display, to be honest, be bad for, in agreement, take it easy, in general, thousands of, be willing to, hold on to, put off, set up, take after, work out, be used for, by accident, in this way, knock into, by the time, go off, run off, show up, get married

 

 

重点句型

1.       It must belong to Jim.

2.       It is less of a problem to be poor than to be dishonest.

3.       Be careful of the dog that does not bark.

4.       I like music that I can dance to.

5.       I love singers who write their own music.

6.       If you're looking for entertainment, stay at home and watch TV.

7.       I can't stand hamburgers! They make me feel sick.

8.       Where would you like to visit?

9.       For your next vacation, why not consider visiting Paris?

10.   I'd love to sail across the Pacific.

11.   Being a volunteer is great.

12.   When was the machine invented?

13.   They are used for seeing the dark.

14.   By the time I got outside, the bus had already left.

15.   The teacher had already started teaching by the time he got to class.

 

重点语法

1.       定语从句的用法

2.       过去完成时的用法

3.       被动语态的定义和用法

 

重点精讲

 

重点一:定语从句

1)考点评述:判断关系代词与关系副词。

2)知识回顾:用关系代词还是关系副词完全取决于从句中的谓语动词。不及物动词后面无宾语,就必须要求用关系副词或者是介词加关系代词;而及物动词后接宾语,则要求用关系代词。

3)考题赏析:

Is this museum ___ you visited a few days ago? 

    A. where B. that C. on which D. the one

Is this the museum ____ the exhibition was held?

       A. where B. that C. on which D. the one

       解析:准确判断先行词在定语从句中的成分(主、谓、宾、定、状),也能正确选择出关系代词/关系副词。

答案DA

点评:关系词的选择依据在从句中所做的成分,先行词在从句中做主、定、宾语时,选择关系代词(who, whom, that, which, whose);先行词在从句中做状语时,应选择关系副词where地点状语,when时间状语,why原因状语)。

 

重点二:过去完成时

1)考点评述表示过去的过去,其构成是had +过去分词构成。

2)知识回顾

用法

a. told, said, knew, heard, thought等动词后的宾语从句。

b. 状语从句

在过去不同时间发生的两个动作中,发生在先,用过去完成时;发生在后,用一般过去时。如:When the police arrived, the thieves had run away.

c. 表示意向的动词,如hope, wish, expect, think, intend, mean, suppose等,用过去完成时表示原本……,未能……”,如:We had hoped that you would come, but you didn't.

3)考题赏析

The students ___ busily when Miss Brown went to get a book she ___ in the office. 

    A. had written, left      B. were writing, has left 

    C. had written, had left  D. were writing, had left  

       解析:把书忘在办公室发生在去取书这一过去的动作之前,因此忘了书这一动作发生在过去的过去,用过去完成时。句中when表示的是时间的一点,表示在同学们正忙于……”这一背景下,when所引导的动作发生。因此前一句应用过去进行时。

    答案:D.

       点评had no ... when 还没等…………

        had no sooner ... than  刚…………

      E.g. He had no sooner bought the car than he sold it.

 

    
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