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【课标导引】

 

1. 学会学习方法,培养良好学习习惯。

2. 运用used to 结构谈论过去的事情。

3. 能就允许和不允许进行对话。

4. 学会虚拟语气的初步用法。

5. 掌握表达推测时的常用语言。

 

知识总揽

 

重点词汇

pronounce, pronunciation, realize, afraid, trouble, unless, death, attention, experience, achieve, succeed, hurt, refuse, worried, importance, development

重点短语

make mistakes, later on, be afraid to, look up, be angry with, go by, deal with, be terrified of, in the end, make a decision, to one's surprise, take pride in, give up, instead of, what if, get along with, come up with, belong to, use up

重点句型

1. How do you study for a test?

2. I study by making flashcards.

3. We get excited about something and then end up speaking Chinese.

4. I used to be afraid of the dark.

5. Teenagers should be allowed to choose their own clothes.

6. What would you do if you won a million dollars?

7. If I were you, I'd take a long walk before going to bed.

8. It might belong to Linda. She was at the picnic.

重点语法

1. used to表示过去的用法

2. should be allowed to do的用法

3. 虚拟语气的用法

4. must表示推测的用法

 

重点精讲

 

重点一:带有used 短语的用法

      1)考点评述

be used to, be used to do, be used for +名词/动名词,这几个短语容易混淆,学生出错率高。

 (2)知识回顾

be used to

(1) 被用做……     be used to do    The quilt is used to keep warm.

    be used for +名词/动名词    The quilt is used for keeping warm.

(2) 习惯……     be / get used to doing    He has got used to new environments.

(3) 过去常做     used to do (did something very often in the past)

He used to go there. But now, he seldom go there.

3)考题赏析

        1 (2008·黑龙江哈尔滨)

        While traveling to Canada, you should give yourself a day to        the time and know the way nearby.                               

        A. used to              B. be used to               C. use to

        解析:本题主要考be used to的用法:习惯什么事情。

        答案:B.

        点评对于此类问题的解决需要学生易混点进行准确的记忆。

 

重点二:带有否定词的反义疑问句

1)考点评述

反义疑问句,即附加疑问句。它表示提问人的看法没有把握,需要对方证实。反义疑问句由两部分组成:前一部分是一个陈述句,后一部分是一个简短的疑问句,两部分的人称时态应保持一致。

2)知识回顾

当陈述部分有否定词时,后面的疑问句则为肯定形式

3)考题赏析

22008·张家口涿鹿)

He's never been to the Great Wall, _______? 

       A. is he         B. isn't he            C. hasn't he         D. has he

解析:本题主要考查带有否定词的反义疑问句,后面的疑问句应为肯定形式。

答案:D

点评类似的还有:neverseldom, hardlyfewlittlebarely, scarcely, nothing

 

重点三:不定代词+形容词的用法

      1)考点评述

形容词和名词用在一起的时候,放在名词前面。

2)知识回顾

形容词和不定代词、不定副词用在一起的时候,要放在后面。

3)考题赏析

3 2008·湖北荆州)

Believe yourself. You're better than _________. You're the best. Wish you success!

A. anyone else            B. someone else          C. else anyone

解析:汉语和英语在表述习惯上的不同,导致了这些地方容易出错。

答案A

点评:对于此类问题的解决需要学生平时将常用的几种情况熟记于心,并在日常学习注意两种语言的不同。

 

    
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