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【课标导引】

 

1. 熟练应用宾语从句和问路、指路的基本表达。

2. 掌握be suppose to do句型的各种句式。

3. 掌握make sb. do sth.make sb. + adj.的用法。

4. 掌握现在完成时态的各种句式及相互转换。

 

知识总揽

 

重点词汇

restroom, drugstore, escalator, uncrowded, safe, organized, lend, direct, order, wonder, trouble, offend, shake, custom, kiss, land, relaxed, towards, stick, point, manner, toast, unfamiliar, spoon,

rubbish, type, mostly, form, mark, beside, e-mail, riddle, proper

experiment, pleased, queue, normally, whose, scientist, pink, shiny, schoolbag, purple, purse, taste, appear, government, southern

villager, strongly, weigh, pound, discover, expression, built, pull, planet, society, model, business, plastic, certainly, proud, flag

重点短语

department store, dress up, hand in, in order to, be suppose to do, shake hands, table manners, drop by, after all, make plan to do, point to / at, leave for, stick ... into, pick up, be / get used to sth. / doing sth., cut up, make sb. feel at home, keep out, start with, clean out, so far, thousands of, thanks to, look forward to, be suitable for, raise money for, be against doing, lead to, go for walk, national flag

重点句型

1. Can you tell me where the post office is?

2. What are you suppose to do when you meet someone?

3. Loud music makes me stressed out.

4. Have you watered the plants yet?

Yes, I have watered them.

5. Have you fed the cat?

No, I haven't fed her yet.

6. I think that animals should not live in zoos.

重点语法

1. 熟练应用宾语从句

2. 掌握现在完成时态的各种句式及相互转换

 

重点精讲

 

重点一:宾语从句

1)考点评述:主要在单项选择、句型转换(合并句子)、完成句子中考查。

2)知识回顾

1. 宾语从句由关系代词或关系副词引出。我们根据引导宾语从句的连词不同,可把宾语从句分为三类:

that引导的宾语从句。

ifwhether引导的宾语从句。

以连接代词或连接副词引导的宾语从句。  

2. 运用宾语从句要注意以下几点:       

宾语从句的语序一定是陈述句语序。

主句的谓语动词的时态如果是过去时态,宾语从句谓语动词的时态要选用相应的过去某一种形式。

如果宾语从句表示的是客观真理,事实时,即使主句是过去式,从句仍用一般现在时。

3)考题赏析

1 2008·湖北咸宁)

        Could you tell me _____ ?

Because she likes her students very much.

      A. why so many students like the teacher

B. why do so many students like the teacher

C. why did so many students like the teacher

D. why so many students liked the teacher

解析:本题主要考了学生对宾语从句的理解。通过知识回顾中宾语从句的语序一定是陈述句语序的讲解,可排除掉BC,通过上下文理解:此处Could并非过去式,而是表示委婉的语气,故D项也不对。

答案:A

 例2 2008·湖北恩施)

         Could you please tell me _________?

I live in Enshi, Hubei.

               A. where do you live                B. if you live in Enshi

            C. where you live                    D. where you were born

       解析:通过上下文联系可知问句是问你住在哪儿,先排除B,再通过宾语从句的语序一定是陈述句语序排掉A,这儿的Could也是表示委婉的语气,而非过去式,故D也不对。

答案:C

点评:对于此类问题的解决需要学生熟悉知识回顾中所列两条,尤其是第二条。

 

重点二:一般过去式和现在完成时

1)考点评述:主要在单项选择、动词填空中考查二者的区别

2)知识回顾:一般过去式只是表示事情发生在过去,陈述一个事实,它可以和确定的表示过去的时间状语如:last night, in 1999, three days ago等连用。而现在完成时表示某一完成的动作对现在造成的影响或结果,强调的是现在的情况,所以它不能和确定的表示过去的时间状语连用。如:We have seen that film. 我们已看过那部电影。对现在造成的影响是我们对影片已有所了解。We saw the film last night. 昨天晚上我们看了那部电影。只说明昨天晚上看电影这一事实。

3)考题赏析

32008·哈尔滨市)

        China's 24th science research team_________ at Changcheng Station on January 5, 2008.

Wonderful! Our scientists ________ a lot in this field already.

A. have arrived; improved    B. arrived; has improved     C. arrived; have improved

解析:本题主要考一般过去式和现在完成时的区别,从题中可以看出:问句中有明确时间状语“on January 5, 2008”,因此是过去式,而答语也有现在完成时的标志词already,故本题A错;又答句中主语Our scientists为复数,因此B项也能排掉。

答案:C

点评:对于此类问题的解决需要学生能够记清楚一般过去式和现在完成时的不同之处,尤其应记住各自的标志词。

 

    
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