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一、概念讲解

所谓同位语,是指跟在某些名词的后面,对前者做进一步的解释、说明、补充和概括,但不对前者起修饰作用的一种句子成分。

1、 定语从句相当于一个形容词, 它对先行词起修饰、描述和限制的作用。同位语从句相当于名词,属于名词性从句,它是对前面名词内容的具体表述,它们之间的关系是同位关系。

2、that 在定语从句中充当某一成分, 是关系代词; that 在同位语从句中不作任何成分,仅把主句与从句连接在一起,是从属连词。

3、when, where, why, how, who, whom, which 如果引导定语从句, 它们分别指前面先行词所表示的时间、地点、原因、方式、人和物,否则引导的就是同位语从句。

4、whether, what 可引导同位语从句,但通常不可引导定语从句。

5、同位语从句常跟在 news, fact, promise, idea, word, message, hope, truth, answer, proposal, suggestion, order, information 等少数名词之后,而一般名词之后都可跟定语从句。

二、分步练习

Step1 找出下列句子中的同位语:

1.The youngest boy, Peter, refused to accept the money

2. We four were greatly touched to hear the old man’s story

3.He has read all kinds of books, ancient and modern, Chinese and foreign.

4.Second and most importantly, you must set off with a gun in the night

5.That’s her habit, reading in bed

6.Your suggestion, to strike while the iron is hot, seemed a good idea

7.Yesterday I met Tom, a friend of my brother's.

8.He himself told me that his brother John is a world-famous doctor.

9. I’m looking for a job driving cars

10.Football, his only interest in life, has brought him many friends

11.We Chinese people are brave and hardworking.

12. He is interested in sports, especially ball games.

Step2 找出下列句子中的同位语从句和关系词:

1.The possibility that the majority of the labor force will work at home is often discussed

2. We are not looking into the question whether he is worth trusting

3. The question whether to confess or not troubled the girl

4. The news that our team has won the game was true.

5. The news that he told me yesterday was true.

6. I have no idea where I should go.

7. I have no idea how I can get to the railway station.

8. The suggestion (that) she has given at the meeting is good.

9. The suggestion that she should stay in the room is good.

Step3 巩固练习:

1The fact ___         _ she works hard is well known to us all

2I will find him           he may be.

3He often asked me the question _   ___ the work was worth doing

4          wants to see this film can go with us tonight.

5I have no idea ___     _ he will start

6I've come from the government with a message __    __ the meeting won't be held tomorrow

7You can take           seat you want. 

8The fact __    __ he was successful proves his ability

9. l have no idea         he will be back

10. He must answer the question          he agrees to it or not.

11. Xiao Wang has solved the problem        the TV was out of order .

Step4 用主语从句翻译下列句子

1.        我通过了考试这一消息是真的。

                                                                  

2.        计算机能够识别人的声音的想法使许多人感到惊奇。

                                                          

3.        我们将讨论运动会是否会如期举行的问题。

                                                          

4.        将军下达了战士们立即过河的命令。

                                                          

5.        他们比赛获胜的消息很快传遍了整个学校。

                                                          

6.        不论谁赢了都会获得金牌。

                                                          

    
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