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一、单项选择

 

1. Alien said that his trip was _______.

A. interested           B. interest       C. interesting      D. of interest

2. We can't understand ______ a decision until it is too late.      

A. him to postpone to make          B. his postponing to make       

C. him to postpone making           D. his postponing making  

3. I couldn't understand ______ at the poor child.       

A. you to laugh     B. you laugh     C. why laugh     D. you laughing  

4. It's no use______ with him. You might as well ______ with a stone wall.       

A. arguing, argue      B. to argue, arguing   

C. arguing, arguing    D. to argue, argue   

5. It is no good ______ today's work for tomorrow.       

A. to leave     B. leaving       C. that you leave      D. leave   

6. The old man's ______ pity on the snake led to his own death.      

A. take         B. taking        C. being taken        D. have 

7. It's very kind ______ you ______ say so.      

A. of, to           B. for, to       C. to, to      D. of, /   

8. Some people's greatest pleasure is ______ .      

A. fishing           B. to fish      

C. to be fish     D. being fishing   

9. Remember ______ the book, when you have finished it.      

A. putting back     B. having put back   

C. to put back         D. will put back   

10. You didn't hear us come back last night. That's good. We tried ______ noisy.       

A. to not be           B. not to be          

C. being not          D. not being   

11. Though he failed, he tried _______ it again and again.       

A. to do              B. doing            

C. do                D. done.   

12. You'll regret ______ those words. You may hurt her feelings.     

A. say                B. to say             

C. having said         D. to have said  

13. You can keep the book until you ______ .       

A. have finished reading        B. finish to read   

C. will finish reading          D. have finished to read  

14. We are looking forward to ______ another chance ______ it again.      

A. be given, to try     B. give, to try        

C. giving, trying       D. having, to try  

15. Most of the students enjoy_____ stamps.        

A. collect              B. to collect          

C. collecting           D. collected   

16. Excuse me for _____ in without ______.        

A. coming, asking    B. coming, being asked 

C. to come, asking   D. to come, being asked   

17. People couldn't help ______ the foolish girl.        

A. laugh at         B. to laugh at        

C. laughing at         D. laughing   

18. "What do you think of the book?" "Oh. excellent, it's worth _______ a second time."       

A. to read            B. to be read         

C. reading            D. being read

19. "I usually go there by train." "Why not ______ by boat for a change?" 

A. to try going        B. trying to go       

C. to try and go        D. try going   

20. I was too excited ______ .        

A. speak             B. to speak          

C. not to speak        D. speaking

21. Charles Babbage is generally considered ______ the first computer.

A. to invent           B. inventing         

C. to have invented    D. having invented

22. It is no use _____to come now. He is busy.

A. ask him           B. to ask him        

C. that you ask him    D. asking him

23. The murder was brought in, with his hands _______ behind his back.

A. being tied          B. having tied    

C. to be tied          D. tied

24. Mrs Smith warned her daughter ____ after drinking.

A. never to drive      B. to never drive     

C. never driving       D. never drive.

25. The computer centre, ______ last year is very popular among the students in this school.

A. open              B. opening          

C. having opened     D. opened.

26. Do you know the boy _______ under the big tree?

A. lay              B. lain               

C. laying             D. lying

27. Most of the artists ______ to the party 'were from South Africa.

A. invited             B. to invite           

C. being invited       D. had been invited

28. English is a language ______ in many countries.

A. spoken            B. speaking         

C. be spoken         D. to speak

29. "Can you read?" Mary said       to the notice.

A. angrily, pointing    B. and point angrily   

C. angrily, pointed    D. and angrily pointing

30. There was a terrible noise _______ the sudden burst of Tight.

A. followed          B. following        

C. to be followed      D. being followed

31. ____ more attention, the trees could have grown better.

A. Given             B. To give           

C. Giving            D. Having given

32. _____their students, the famous teacher came into the hall.

A. Followed                             B. Followed by

C. Being followed                         D. Having been followed

33. Your flat needs _____ . Would you like me       it for you?    

A. to clean, to do          B. cleaning, doing 

C. cleaning, to do      D. to be cleaned, doing

34. Does your new secretary ____ short hand?

A. know to take      B. know how to take 

C. know how take     D. know how taking

35. Tommy had his big brother _____ his shoes for him.

A. to tie               B. tie        

C. tied                D. tying

36. Would you please ______ write on the textbooks?

A. don't             B. not to           

C. not            D. to not

37. I'd ______ the operation unless it is absolutely necessary.

A. rather not have     B. rather not to have  

C. not rather had       D. rather not having

38. Your mother and I are looking forward________ you.

A. of seeing           B. for seeing         

C. to see              D. to seeing

39. The girl couldn't_____ how red his face was.

A. help to notice    B. be helping to notice 

C. be helping noticing   D. help noticing

40. Excuse me, but it is time to have your temperature ______.  

A. taking             B. to take        C. take        D. taken

 

二、完形填空

A

阅读下面的短文,根据上下文填入适当的词语的适当形式填空。

A few years ago I had an expensive bottle of wine 1 (wrap) with a piece of red and green silk, and left 2 in our post-box as a Christmas gift for our letter carrier, Larry. The bottle was gone the next day, 3   to my surprise and disappointment, Larry never thanked me 4 the present. I soon brushed it off, 5 Larry’s route (路线) was long and he would receive too 6 presents to have sent thank-you notes.

That spring 7 we were planning a party, I told my husband that I would go out to buy some wine. He opened 8closet door and showed me a bottle with a piece of red and green silk, just the same 9the one I had presented to Larry. “10 don’t you use this? ” he asked. “Larry left it in our post-box for Christmas.”

B

When I was 17, I read a quote that went something like: “If you live each day as if it were your last, someday you’ll most certainly be right.” It made a deep 1 on me, and since then, for the past 33 years, I have   2 in the mirror every morning and asked myself: “If today were the last day of my life, 3 I want to do what I am about to do today?” And whenever the answer has been “No” for too many days in a   4 , I know I need to change something.

Remembering that I’ll be 5 soon is the most important tool I’ve ever known to help me make the big 6 in life because almost everything falls away in the face of death, 7 only what is truly important.

About a year ago I was 8 with cancer. My doctor even advised me to go home and get my affairs 9 order, which is a doctor’s way of telling people to prepare to die. I 10 with that diagnosis all the days. 11, at last an advanced test showed that it was a very rare cancer that is 12 with surgery. I had the surgery and I’m fine now.

 13 wants to die. Even people who want to go to heaven don’t want to die to get there. And yet death is the destination we all 14 . No one has ever escaped it. And that is as it should be, because death is very likely the single best invention of 15. It is life’s change agent. It clears out the old to 16 for the new. Right now the new is you, but someday not too 17 from now, you will gradually become the old and be cleared away. Sorry to be so dramatic, but it is quite true.

Your time is 18 , so don’t waste it living someone else’s life. Don’t be 19 by dogma(教条)—which is living with the results of other people’s thinking. Don’t let the noise of others’ opinions drown out your own inner 20 . And most importantly, have the courage to follow your heart.

1. A. seen              B. looked        C. found                D. lost

2. A. would     B. should        C. might         D. could

3. A. hurry      B. line            C. moment     D. row

4. A. successful     B. rich            C. dead    D. frustrated

5. A. apologies              B. fortune       C. impressions              D. choices

6. A. proving          B. leaving       C. confirming        D. telling

7. A. diagnosed      B. cured         C. treated                     D. found

8. A. on            B. for         C. in         D. at

9. A. met         B. got                   C. did       D. lived

10. A. However       B. But   C. Therefore     D. So

11. A. incurable      B. curable       C. fatal    D. changeable

12. A. Anyone        B. Someone    C. No one       D. Everyone

13. A. want            B. avoid          C. share         D. escape

14. A. destination           B. life      C. science      D. disease

15. A. make up       B. make for    C. make out           D. make way

16. A. distant         B. short          C. long           D. away

17. A. limited         B. rare            C. enough       D. lost

18. A. wasted         B. cheated      C. excited       D. trapped

19. A. voice           B. love           C. direction     D. confusion

20. A. impression   B. curse         C. decision     D. joke

 

三、阅读理解

A

The year is 2094. It has been announced that a comet (彗星) is heading towards the Earth . Most of it will miss our planet , but two pieces will probably hit the southern half of the Earth .

On 17 July , a piece four kilometers wide enters the Earth’s atmosphere (大气层) with a massive explosion . About half of the piece is destroyed , but the remaining part hits the South Atlantic at 200 times the speed of sound . The sea boils and a huge hole is made in the sea bed . Huge waves are created and spread outwards from the hole . The wall of water , a kilometer high , rushes towards southern Africa at 800 kilometers an hour . Cities on the African coast are totally destroyed and millions of people re drowned .

Before the waves reach South America , the second piece of the comet lands in Argentina . Earthquakes and volcanoes are set off in the Andes Mountains . The shock waves move north into California and all around the Pacific Ocean . The cities of Los Angeles , San Francisco and Tokyo are completely destroyed by earthquakes . Millions of people in the southern half of the earth are already dead, but the north won’t escape for long . Because of the explosions , the sun is hidden by clouds of dust , temperatures around the world fall to almost zero .Crops are ruined . The sun won’t be seen again for many years . Wars break out as countries fight for food . A year later , no more than 10 million people remain alive .

Could it really happen ? In fact , it has already happened more than once in the history of the Earth . The dinosaurs were on the Earth for over 160 million years . Then 65 million years ago they suddenly disappeared . Many scientists believe that the Earth was hit by a piece of object in space . The dinosaurs couldn’t live through the cold climate that followed and they died out . Will we meet the same and ?

1What is mainly described in the passage ?     

AA historic discovery .      BAn event of imagination

CA research on space .      DA scientific adventure .

2When the first piece hits the South Atlantic , it causes           .

Aan earthquake         Bdamages to cities

Can Earth explosion  Dhuge waves

3Why can’t the northern half of the earth escape for long ?

ABecause the land is covered with water

BBecause the light and heat from the sun can not reach the earth .

CBecause people there can not live at the temperature of zero .

DBecause wars break out among countries .

4By giving the example of dinosaurs , the author tries to prove   .

Aanimals could not live in the cold climate

Bwhat happened 65 million years ago was an invented story

Cthe human beings will die out in 2094

Dthe Earth could be hit by other objects in space

B

The Romans built great “aqueducts” to carry fresh water from the mountains to the cities. Many of these aqueducts are still standing today. The Romans also built great pipes under the ground to carry away the sewage. In Rome, one of these sewage pipes (sewers) is still used today; it is 2,000 years old. The Roman Emperors even set up a government health service. They built the first great public hospitals in Europe, and they paid doctors to look after poor people.

Then the Roman Empire fell to pieces, these civilized methods of treatment disappeared from most of Europe, for more than a thousand years. People went back to the old way. They lived in dirty conditions which helped to cause diseases; and they asked God to cure the diseases. They shut up mentally sick people in prisons. Or they burnt them alive because they were supposed to have magic powers.

But the work of the Greek and Roman doctors was not lost. Over a thousand years ago, the Arabs moved into many of the Mediterranean countries. They took big parts of the old Roman lands. They translated the Greek and Roman medical books into Arabic. Arab doctors themselves made many new discoveries.

When civilization at last came back to Europe, men once again translated the Greek and Roman works on medicine into Latin. Slowly-very slowly-European doctors discovered again the things that the Greeks and Romans had known so long ago. Slowly, they began to make new discoveries. They found out more about the way body works-the way our blood goes round our bodies, the way our nerves send messages from our brains to our muscles, the way these muscles move our bodies.

1. The word “aqueduct” probably means

A. something which was built long ago

B. something invented by a Roman Emperor

C. a big pipe under the ground

D. something built to supply clean water for the citizens

2. Which of the following is NOT true?

A. A government health service was set up in ancient Rome.

B. The first public hospital in Europe was built in Rome.

C. In ancient Rome doctors were paid by the government.

D. Those who were mentally sick were all burnt alive in the Roman Empire.

3. In Europe, people stopped using such civilized treatments               .

A. after they discovered better methods

B. because these methods were too old

C. when they discovered these treatments helped to cause diseases

D. after the fall of the Roman Empire

4. From this article we’ve learned that the Arabs              .

A. made more discoveries than the Romans

B. helped to keep the Roman medical works

C. discovered more about the way the human body works

D. occupied big parts of the old Roman lands 2,000 years ago

5. This article is mainly about                .

A. the contributions made by the Roman and Arabs to the promotion of public health

B. how the Arabs invaded the Roman Empire

C. the rise and fall of the Roman Empire

D. how Arabian doctors helped to translate the medical books

C

A SANDSTORM struck Beijing yesterday, covering homes, streets and cars in brown dust and leaving the skies a murky yellow as the city suffered its worst pollution in years ahead of the 2008 Summer Olympics.

The sandstorm originated on the border of China and Mongolia and started affecting Beijing on Sunday night.

 “Unlike the particulate matter that often exists in Beijing’s air, the suspending granules hitting the city today are bigger, though still less than 100 microns in diameter,” said Wang Xiaoming, an official with the municipal environmental protection bureau. “That’s why we feel sand is raining down.”

The particulate matter that often hovers over Beijing is mostly less than 10 microns in diameter, he added.

The Beijing Environmental Protection Bureau warned the sandstorm could be harmful.

 “Sandstorms can affect the human body, especially the respiratory system,” an official with the bureau said.

Hospitals have dealt with a sharp increase in patients with respiratory diseases, and news -papers warned residents to wear masks outdoors.

Sandstorms could easily occur at places with little rainfall, scarce vegetation and frequent gales, said Qiao Lin, an expert with the China Meteorological Administration.

Northern China experiences sandstorms almost every spring. The situation is worsened by higher temperatures this spring and the prolonged drought in northern China, Qiao said.

       China launched an afforestation(造林)project in 2000 in the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, which is regarded as the source of sandstorm. The project, however, has not been able to control the desertification.

1What can be the best title of the passage?

ASandstorms Badly Struck Beijing.                 BSandstorms Do Harm to Human Bodies.

CCause of Sandstorm Occurrence.                 DProtection of the Environment.

2According to the passage, all of the following are true except that        .

Athe particulate matter often existing in Beijing’s air is mostly less than 100 microns in diameter

BSandstorms have a bad influence on human bodies

CBeijing isn’t the only city that experiences so severe a sandstorm

DThe sand was felt raining down because the suspending granules hitting the city were bigger that day

3Severe sandstorms occurred in Beijing this spring because       .

AThe temperatures this spring were higher than before

BBeijing saw worse drought and higher temperatures this spring

CPeople took few measures to control them

DBeijing has little rainfall, scarce vegetation and frequent gales

4What can be inferred from the last paragraph?

AThe project launched in 2000 is regarded as the source of the sandstorm.

BThere are no effective ways to stop or decrease the frequency of sandstorms for ever.

CChina started an afforestation project in 2000 in the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region.

DIf the project had controlled the desertification, there would have been no such severe sandstorm.

 

    
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