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Doctor are known to be terrible pilotsThey don't listen because they already know it allI was lucky: ] became a pilot in 1970, almost ten years before I graduated from medical school. I didn't realize then, but becoming a pilot makes me a better surgeonI loved flyingAs I flew bigger, faster planes, and in worse weatherI learned about crew resource management (机组资源管理), or CRM, a new idea to make flying saferIt means that crew members should listen and speak up for a good result, regardless of positions

I first read about CRM in 1980Not long after that, an attending doctor and I were flying in bad weatherThe controller had us turn too late to get our landing readyThe attending doctor was flying; I was safety pilot He was so busy because of the bad turn, he had forgotten to put the landing gear (起落架) downHe was a better pilot - and my boss - so it felt unusual to speak upBut I had to: Our lives were in dangerI put aside my uneasiness and said, "We need to put the landing gear down now!" That was my first real lesson in the power of CRM, and I've used it in the operating room ever since

CRM requires that the pilot/surgeon encourage others to speak upIt further requires that when opinions are from the opposite, the doctor doesn't overreact, which might prevent fellow doctors from voicing opinions againSo when I'm in the operating room, I ask for ideas and help from othersSometimes they're not willing to speak upBut I hope that if I continue to encourage them , someday someone will keep me from ” landing gear up”

1What does the author say about doctors in general?

AThey like flying by themselves

BThey are unwilling to take advice

CThey pretend to be good pilots

DThey are quick learners of CRM

2The author deepened his understanding of the power of CRM when_______

Ahe saved the plane by speaking up

Bhe was in charge of a flying task

Chis boss landed the plane too late

Dhis boss operated on a patient

3In the last paragraph” landing gear up” probably means ______

Afollowing flying requirements

Boverreacting to different opinions

Clistening to what fellow doctors say

Dmaking a mistake that may cost lives

4Which of the following can be the best title for the text?

ACRM: A New Way to Make Flying Safe

BFlying Makes Me a Better Doctor

CThe Making of a Good Pilot

DA Pilot-Timed Doctor

    
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