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注:标*号的项目为八级要求。其余为五级要求。二级的功能项目参见内容标准中的语言知识部分。

 

1社会交往(social communications

 

(1) 问候(Greetings
A. Hi!
Good morning/afternoon/evening.
How are you?
How are you doing?
Please say hello to your parents.
Please give my love/best wishes to Lucy.
B. Hi!
Hello!
Good morning/afternoon/evening.
I'm OK.
Fine, thanks, and you?
Very well, thank you.
*Just so so.
Sure.
All right.

 

(2) 介绍(Introduction
A. My name is Jim.
I'm a student.
I'm from England.
This is Mr./Mr./Miss/ Ms Brown.
I'd like you to meet Bob.
*May I introduce Professor Jeff Brown?
B. Hello!
How do you do?
Nice/Glad/ Pleased to meet (see) you.
* May I introduce Professor Jeff Brown?
B. Hello!
How do you do?
Nice / Glad / Pleased to meet (see) you.

 

(3) 告别 (Farewells )
A. Good-bye / Bye / Bye--bye.
Good night.
See you later / then / tomorrow / soon.
I am sorry I have to go now.
* I am afraid I must be leaving now.
B. Good--bye / Bye / Bye--bye.
See you.
Good night.
See you later / then / tomorrow / soon.

 

(4) 感谢 (Thanks )
A. Thank you (very much).
Thanks a lot.
Thank you for your help.
It's very kind / nice of you.
* I appreciate your help.
B. It's a pleasure.
* My pleasure.
That's OK / all right.
You' re welcome.
* Don' t mention it.

 

(5) 道歉 (Apologies)
A. Sorry.
I' m sorry.
Excuse me, please.
I beg your pardon.
I' m sorry for losing your book.
I' m sorry to interrupt you.
I' m sorry (that) l' m late.
B. That's OK.
It's a1l right.
Never mind.
It doesn't matter.
It's nothing.'
* Forget it.

 

(6) 邀请 (Invitation)
A. Wou1d you like to go for a walk?
You must come to dinner with us.
May l invite you to dinner?
What / How about having a swim?
B. OK.
Thank you.
I' d like that, thanks.
Yes, I' d love to.
That would be very nice.
No, thank you.
It's very nice of you, but my mother is ill.
I' d love to, but I' m afraid I have no time.
I' m sorry I can' t. What about another time?

 

(7) 请求允许 (Asking for permission )
A. May I come in?
Can / Could I use your telephone?
* Is it all right if I sit here?
* I wonder if I could smoke here.
Would / Do you mind if I open the window?
B.
Yes, please.
Sure.
Certainly.
Please do.
That's all right.
Of course, you can.
Go ahead, please.
I' m sorry, it is not allowed.
I' m afraid not.
You' d better not.
* It's not allowed.
* I' m sorry, but you can smoke in the next room.

 

(8) 祝愿和祝贺 (Expressing wishes and congratulations)
A. Have a good day / time!
Have a good journey / trip!
Good luck!
Enjoy yourself!
Best wishes to you.
Happy New Year!
Merry Christmas!
Happy birthday!
* Wish you all the success!
Congratulations!
Well done!
B. Thank you.
You, too.
The same to you.

 

(9) 提供帮助 (Offering help)
A. Do you want me to clean the room?
Can I help you?
Would you like me to help you?
What can I do for you?
Let me take your bags.
B.
Yes, please.
Yes, thanks.
Thank you. That would be nice / fine.
Thank you for your (the) help.
No, thanks / thank you.
Thank you all the same.
That's very kind of you, but I can manage it myself.

 

(10) 约会 (Making appointments )
A. Will you be free tomorrow?
Do you have time this afternoon?
How about tomorrow morning?
When / Where shall we meet?
Could we meet at 4: 30?
Let's make it 4: 30.
* What time is convenient for you?
* I'd 1ike to make an appointment with Mr. Jones.
B.
Yes, I'll be free then.
All right. See you then.
I'm afraid I have no time then.
Sorry, I won't be free then. But I'll be free tomorrow.

 

(11) 打电话 (Making telephone calls )
A. Hello! May I speak to Tom?
Hello! I'd like to speak to Mr. Green.
Is that Liu Ying speaking?
Extension six two two six, please.
Can I leave a message?
I'll call back later / again.
I'll ring him / her up again.
B. Hello! This is Mary speaking.
Hello, who is this?
Hold the line, please.
Just a moment, please.
Hello, who's speaking?
Sorry. He / She isn't here right now.
Can I take a message?
Sorry. I can't hear you.
The line is bad / busy.
I couldn't get through.
Sorry, I'm afraid you have the wrong number.

 

(12) 就餐(Having meals)
A. Would you like something to eat / drink?
What would you like (to have)?
Would you like some more fish?
Help yourself to some fish.
* Which do you prefer, rice or noodles?
* What would you like to drink, tea or coffee?
B.
Yes, I'd like a drink.
I'd like rice and chicken.
Just a little, please.
Can I have some more soup?
It's so delicious. Thank you.
*I prefer noodles to rice.
I like green tea.
No, thank you. I've had enough.
I'm full, thank you*
* It's very delicious, but I can't eat any more.

 

(l3) 就医 (Seeing the doctor)
A. What's the matter?
What seems to be the trouble?
Do you have a fever?
How long have you felt like this?
It's nothing serious.
Take this medicine three times a day.
You'll be all right / well soon.
* Give up smoking and keep on taking more exercises.
B. I have a headache / cough / fever.
I feel terrible / bad / horrible / awful.
I don't feel well.
I've got a pain here.
It hurts here.
* I don't feel like eating.
I can't sleep well.

 

(14) 购物 (Shopping)
A. Can / May I help you?
What can I do for you?
How many / much would you like?
What color / size / kind would you like?
What about this one?
Here's your change.
B. I want / I'd like a pair of shoes.
How much is it / are they?
May I try it on?
It's too big / small.
Sorry, it's too expensive.
Do you have any other colors / sizes / kinds?
Two and a half kilos / pounds, please.
That's fine. I'll take it.
Just have a look.
Well, I'll think about it.

 

(15) 问路(Asking the way)
A. Excuse me. Where's the washroom?
Can you tell me how to get to the Post office?
Excuse me. Which bus goes to World Park?
Excuse me. Which is the way to the Bank of China?
Excuse me. Could you tell me the way to the station, please?
How can l get to No. 4 Middle School?
B. to It's over there.
It's about 400 meters from here.
Go down this street until you see the tall red building.
Turn right / left at the first / second crossing / corner.
You can't miss it.
You can take bus No. 103.
You'd better take a taxi
Sorry. I don't know. I'm a stranger here.

 

(16) 谈论天气 (Talking about weather)
A. What's the weather like today?
How's the weather in Beijing?
What a cold / hot day today!
It's a nice / fine / beautiful / horrible day today.
B. It's sunny / cloudy / windy / rainy / snowy / foggy.
It's getting cool / cold / warm / hot.

 

(17) 语言交际困难 (Language difficulties in communication)
Pardon?
I beg your pardon?
I don't understand.
Sorry, I can't follow you.
* Cou1d you say that again, please?
* Could you repeat that, please?
Can you speak more slowly, please?
* What do you mean by killing time?
How do you say... in English?
I don't know how to say that in English.
I don't know the word in English.
How do you spe1l it, please?
I'm sorry I only know a little English.

 

(18) 提醒注意 (Reminding and warning)
Don't forget your raincoat.
Remember to lock the door.
* Make sure that all the windows are closed.
Mind your head/step!
No smoking!
No spitting!
Wet floor!
Look out!
Be carefu1!
Don't touch!
It's dangerous!

 

(19) 劝告 (Advice)
You'd better go to see the doctor.
You should listen to and read English everyday.
You need to buy a Chinese-English dictionary.
* If I were you, I'd phone him now.
Don't rush / hurry/ push.
Please stand in line.

 

(20) 建议 (Suggestions)
Let's go and have a 1ook.
* Should we go now?
What / How about a picnic this Sunday?
Why don't you buy a computer?
Why not go to a movie?

    
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