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How was your school trip?

教材使用

本单元围绕着过去的游览活动而展开,要求学生能够运用一般过去时描述或询问过去发生的事,并能掌握规则或不规则动词过去式的变化规律。

一般过去时表示过去某个时间发生的动作或存在的状态,这种动作或状态可能是一次性的,也可能经常发生。

1.一般过去时的动词变化规则

规则变化

一般情况直接在动词原形后加-ed,如:want—wanted, need—needed

以不发音的e结尾的动词,词尾直接加-d,如:live—lived, move—moved

辅音字母+y”结尾的动词,把yi,再加-ed,如:study—studied, carry—carried

是重读闭音节且末尾只有一个辅音字母的动词,要双写该辅音字母再加-ed,如:stop—stopped, rob—robbed等。

不规则变化

有些单词需特殊记忆,如:buy—bought, take—tookhave—had, go—went, eat—ate, see—saw, is(am)—was, are—were, do—did, come—came

2.一般过去时各种句式的转换

一般疑问句

构成

Was/Were+主语?(be动词)

Did+主语+动词原形?(实义动词)

例句

I was at home yesterday.→Were you at home yesterday?

He did some housework. →Did he do any housework?

否定句

构成

主语+was/were+ not…(be动词)

主语+did+not+动词原形(实义动词)

例句

He was a teacher last year. →He wasn’t a teacher last year.

They had a school trip yesterday. →They didn’t have a school trip yesterday.

常用的时间状语

ago, yesterday morning, last night/week, the day before yesterday, just now

 

 

    
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