Different countries and different people have different manners. We must find out their customs, so that they will not think us ill-mannered. Here are some examples of the things that a well-mannered person does or does not do.
If you visit a Chinese family you should knock at the door first. When the door opens, you'll not move before the host says “Come in, please!”. After you enter the room, you wouldn’t sit down until the host asks you to take a seat. When a cup of tea is put on a tea table before you or sent to your hand, you’ll say “Thank you”① and receive it with your two hands, not one hand, or they'll think you are ill-mannered.
Before entering a house in Japan, it is good manners to take off your shoes. In European countries, even though shoes sometimes become very dirty, this is not done.② In a Malay (马来西亚的) house, a guest never finishes the food on the table. He leaves a little to show that he has had enough. In England, a guest always finishes a drink or the food to show that he has enjoyed it. This will make the host, especially (尤其) the hostess pleased.
1. In China, when the host opens the door, ____ before he says “Come in, please!”
A. you won't leave
B. you won't walk
C. you won't stand in front of him
D. you won't get in
2. In European countries,____ when you get into a house.
A. you needn't take off your shoes
B. you must take off your dirty shoes
C. you are not allowed to wear dirty shoes
D. you should put on clean shoes
3. In a Malay house, a guest leaves a little food to show that ____.
A. he has enjoyed it
B. he is quite full
C. he is not hungry at all
D. He needs some drink
① When a cup of tea is put on a tea table before you or sent to your hand, you’ll say “Thank you”. 当一杯茶摆到你面前的茶几上或递到你手里时，你要说“谢谢”。
Reading speed: ____
② In European countries, even though shoes sometimes become very dirty, this is not done.
Do you love holidays but hate the increase of weight (体重) that follows? You are not alone.
Holidays are happy days with pleasure and delicious foods. Many people, however, are worried about the weight that comes along with these delicious foods.①
With proper planning, though, it is possible to control your weight. The idea is to enjoy the holidays but not to eat too much. You don't have to turn away from the foods that you enjoy. The following suggestions may be of some help to you.②
Do not miss meals. Before you leave home for a feast (宴会), have a small, low-fat snack (小吃).This may help to keep you from getting too excited before delicious foods.
Begin with clear soup and fruit or vegetables. A large glass of water before you eat may help you feel full. Use a small plate; a large plate will encourage you to have more than enough.
Better not have high fat foods. Dishes that look oily or creamy have much fat in them.
Choose lean meat (瘦肉). Fill your plate with salad and green vegetables.
If you have a sweet tooth,③ try mints(薄荷)and fruits. They don’t have fat content (含量) as cream and chocolate.
Don't let exercise take a break during the holidays. A 20minute walk after a meal can help burn off extra calories (卡路里).
1. Holidays are happy days with pleasure but they may ____.
A. bring weight problems
B. bring you much trouble in your life
C. make you worried about your foods
D. make you hate delicious foods
2. In order to really enjoy your holidays without putting on weight, youd better____ .
A. drink much water and have vegetables only
B. not eat much food in high fat
C. not accept invitations to feasts
D. turn away from delicious foods
3. According to the passage, ____ is a necessary part to stop you from putting on weight.
C. calories of energy
D. physical exercise
① Many people, however, are worried about the weight that comes along with these delicious foods. 然而，很多人担心体重会随着这些美味的食物而增加。
Reading speed: ____
② The following suggestions may be of some help to you.
③ have a sweet tooth 吃甜食。
This year 2,300 teenagers ( young people aged from 13-19 ) from all over the world will spend about ten months in U.S. homes. They will attend U.S. schools, meet U.S. teenagers, and form impressions (印象) of the real American teenagers. American teenagers will go to other countries to learn new languages and have a new understanding of the rest of the world.
Here is a two-way student exchange in action.① Fred, nineteen, spent last year in Germany with George's family. In return, George's son, Mike, spent a year in Fred's home in America.
Fred, a lively young man, knew little German when he arrived, but after two months study, the language began to come to him. School was completely different from what he had expected — much harder ②. Students rose respectfully (尊敬地) when the teacher entered the room. They took fourteen subjects instead of the six that are usual in the United States. There were almost no outside activities (活动).
Family life, too, was different. The family's word was law, and all activities were around the family rather than the individual (个人). Fred found the food too simple at first. Also, he missed having a car.
“Back home, you pick up some friends in a car and go out and have a good time. In Germany, you walk, but you soon learn to like it.”
At the same time, in America, Mike, a friendly German boy, was also forming his idea. “I suppose I should criticize (批评) American schools.” he says. “It is far too easy by our level (水准). But I have to say that I like it very much. In Germany we do nothing but study. Here we take part in many outside activities. I think that maybe your schools are better in training for citizens (市民). There ought to be some middle ground between the two.③”
1. The whole exchange program is mainly to ____.
A. help teenagers in other countries know the real America
B. send students in America to travel in Germany
C. let students learn something about other countries
D. have teenagers learn new languages
2. What did Fred and Mike agree on?
A. American food tasted better than German food.
B. German schools were harder than American schools.
C. Americans and Germans were both friendly.
D. There were more cars on the streets in America.
3. What is particular (特别的) in American schools?
A. There is some middle ground between the two teaching buildings.
B. There are a lot of afterschool activities.
C. Students usually take 14 subjects in all.
D. Students go outside to enjoy themselves in a car.
4. What did Mike think after experiencing the American school life?
A. A better education should include something good from both America and Germany.
B. German schools trained students to be better citizens.
C. American schools were not as good as German schools.
D. The easy life in the American school was more helpful to students.
① Here is a twoway student exchange in action.
in action 意为“在运转；在操作；在某项活动中”。
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② School was completely different from what he had expected—much harder.
③ There ought to be some middle ground between the two.
I spent two months with an American family last year when I studied in America.
It is said, “The best house is in America, the best wife is in Japan, and the best food is in China.” So I took pride (自豪) and 1 to 2 “the best food” for my American family. Each day, regardless of my poor skill of cooking,① I would do something in 3 way: changing the dishes colour, the meats type or the soups style (风味). Thus, my American friends could discover the 4 of eating Chinese food. Because of my “ 5 ” job, I was often rewarded(奖励)by their 6 of appreciation(感激)such as “very delicious”, “excellent”, etc.
But the joke was here: yesterday, I cooked Sichuan style 7 for dinner. I was 8 at my achievement (成就).
When all the family members arrived at the table, they first looked 9 at the fish, then looked at me. “Why do all the fish have their10 ？” they asked，“It’s terrible!”
Terrible or beautiful？I don't know. But I 11 know that fish heads are delicious. The 12 is the best part of fish; in 13 only the respectable(受敬重的)guest can have the special honour of 14 it.
Another 15 thing is: the American friends often said to me“ 16 ”as they 17 fruits or other things. According to Chinese tradition I would simply smile in answer to their kindness② 18 actually helping myself to any of the food. 19 , I said “help yourself” to them whenever I brought home fruits. Dear me, no matter how much or how often I brought home food, as long as it was nice to their taste, they 20 hesitated (犹豫)to use their hands to “help themselves” until all was finished.
1. A. worry
2. A. buy
3. A. their B. a new
C. the same
D. a simple
4. A. way
5. A. hard
6. A. expressions
7. A. meat B. fish
8. A. praised
B. pleased C. good D. surprised
9. A. happily
10. A. bones
11. A. do
C. want to
12. A. tail B. head
13. A. fact
D. the West
14. A. enjoying
B. looking at
C. playing with
15. A. real
16. A. please help us
B. excuse me
C. help yourself
D. eat them please
17. A. brought home
C. were buying
D. were eating
18. A. not
B. but not
19. A. At last
B. Above all
C. After all
D. In return
20. A. usual B. often
C. never D. had
①regardless of my poor skill of cooking
②According to Chinese tradition I would simply smile in answer to their kindness.
in answer (to sth.)意为“ 作为回应”。
1. D. 从文章第二段第二句话可以得出答案。
2. A. 从最后一段 “In European countries, even though shoes sometimes become very dirty, this is not done.”可以得出答案。
3. B. 文中提到在马来西亚“He leaves a little to show that he has had enough.”。
1. A. 从文章第一、二两段可以得知假日会带来体重增加的问题。
2. B. 不要吃高脂肪食品。
3. D. 文章最后一段提到了锻炼是不能缺少的。take a break意为“停歇”。
1. C. 本题考查交流项目的目的，其他三个选项比较片面。
2. B. 注意是双方都同意。agree on 意为“在……取得一致”。
3. B. 从文章最后一段Mike认为在美国“Here we take part in many outside activities.”可知。
4. A. 其他三项比较片面，而且最后一段Mike认为“There ought to be some middle ground between the two.”。
1. D. 在国外做中国菜，显然是感到自豪和高兴。
2. C. 从接下来的文字中可以得知是烹饪而不是其他动词。
3. B. 从下文中可以看出“我”是以一种新的方式来做菜。
4. B. 根据上下文，外国人吃“我”做的菜应该是感到有乐趣的。take delight in doing sth.意为“乐于做……”
5. C. 从下文得知外国人喜欢吃“我”做的菜，那“我”的菜应该是好吃的。
6. A. 下文提到了比如“very delicious”,“excellent”，很明显是表达的意思。
7. B. 从下文可以得知是鱼，而不是其他食品。
8. B. “我”自然对自己的作品是满意的。
9. C. 根据下文外国朋友的疑问和惊讶的语气可以选出答案来。
10. D. 前后照应，下文提到了“fish heads are delicious”。
11. A. 这里是加强语气，意为“我”的确知道。
12. B. 根据上下文可以得出答案。
13. B. 因为“我”是中国人，很明显了解中国的习俗。
14. A. 在中国只有受敬重的人才有享用它的荣幸。
15. C. 最后一段讲的是另外一件表现中美文化习惯上的差异的事，应该是有趣的事。
16. C. 根据平时的口语表达可以得出答案。
17. A. 根据上下文得知是买回来后让“我”随便吃。
18. C. 中国的习俗是嘴上可能会说吃，而实际上并不会真的去吃。
19. D. At last“最后”，Above all“最重要的是”, After all“毕竟”, In return“作为回报”。
20. C. 文章最后提到“until all was finished”，很明显他们是从不犹豫。
1. This may help to keep you from getting too excited before delicious foods. 这也许有助于防止你在美食面前太过兴奋。(Line 9, Passage B)
要表达“使某人不能做某事”，可用keep sb. from doing sth. ，prevent sb. from doing sth. 或stop sb. from doing sth. 等结构。如：
The church bells keep me from sleeping. 教堂的钟声吵得我睡不着觉。
They stopped me (from) going out of the door. 他们阻止我出门。
What prevented you (from) joining us last night?
注意这三个词组中keep sb. from doing sth.中的from不能省，因为keep sb. doing sth. 意为“让某人一直做某事”。
2. It is far too easy by our level. (Line 20, Passage C)
This room is far too warm. 这个房间极热。
She speaks English far better than I. 她英语说得远比我好。
My work is far from finished. 我的工作还远没有结束。
You must play by the rules. 你们必须按照规则来比赛。
I can see by the expression on your face that you are in trouble.